Monday, November 24, 2008

El Baldío

El Baldío

What about this?

T.S. Eliot (1888–1965). The Waste Land. 1922.

The Waste Land



I. THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD


APRIL is the cruellest month, breeding
Lilacs out of the dead land, mixing
Memory and desire, stirring
Dull roots with spring rain.
Winter kept us warm, covering 5
Earth in forgetful snow, feeding
A little life with dried tubers.
Summer surprised us, coming over the Starnbergersee
With a shower of rain; we stopped in the colonnade,
And went on in sunlight, into the Hofgarten, 10
And drank coffee, and talked for an hour.
Bin gar keine Russin, stamm' aus Litauen, echt deutsch.
And when we were children, staying at the archduke's,
My cousin's, he took me out on a sled,
And I was frightened. He said, Marie, 15
Marie, hold on tight. And down we went.
In the mountains, there you feel free.
I read, much of the night, and go south in the winter.

What are the roots that clutch, what branches grow
Out of this stony rubbish? Son of man, 20
You cannot say, or guess, for you know only
A heap of broken images, where the sun beats,
And the dead tree gives no shelter, the cricket no relief,
And the dry stone no sound of water. Only
There is shadow under this red rock, 25
(Come in under the shadow of this red rock),
And I will show you something different from either
Your shadow at morning striding behind you
Or your shadow at evening rising to meet you;
I will show you fear in a handful of dust. 30
Frisch weht der Wind
Der Heimat zu.
Mein Irisch Kind,
Wo weilest du?
'You gave me hyacinths first a year ago; 35
'They called me the hyacinth girl.'
—Yet when we came back, late, from the Hyacinth garden,
Your arms full, and your hair wet, I could not
Speak, and my eyes failed, I was neither
Living nor dead, and I knew nothing, 40
Looking into the heart of light, the silence.
Od' und leer das Meer.

Madame Sosostris, famous clairvoyante,
Had a bad cold, nevertheless
Is known to be the wisest woman in Europe, 45
With a wicked pack of cards. Here, said she,
Is your card, the drowned Phoenician Sailor,
(Those are pearls that were his eyes. Look!)
Here is Belladonna, the Lady of the Rocks,
The lady of situations. 50
Here is the man with three staves, and here the Wheel,
And here is the one-eyed merchant, and this card,
Which is blank, is something he carries on his back,
Which I am forbidden to see. I do not find
The Hanged Man. Fear death by water. 55
I see crowds of people, walking round in a ring.
Thank you. If you see dear Mrs. Equitone,
Tell her I bring the horoscope myself:
One must be so careful these days.

Unreal City, 60
Under the brown fog of a winter dawn,
A crowd flowed over London Bridge, so many,
I had not thought death had undone so many.
Sighs, short and infrequent, were exhaled,
And each man fixed his eyes before his feet. 65
Flowed up the hill and down King William Street,
To where Saint Mary Woolnoth kept the hours
With a dead sound on the final stroke of nine.
There I saw one I knew, and stopped him, crying 'Stetson!
'You who were with me in the ships at Mylae! 70
'That corpse you planted last year in your garden,
'Has it begun to sprout? Will it bloom this year?
'Or has the sudden frost disturbed its bed?
'Oh keep the Dog far hence, that's friend to men,
'Or with his nails he'll dig it up again! 75
'You! hypocrite lecteur!—mon semblable,—mon frère!'

II. A GAME OF CHESS


THE Chair she sat in, like a burnished throne,
Glowed on the marble, where the glass
Held up by standards wrought with fruited vines
From which a golden Cupidon peeped out 80
(Another hid his eyes behind his wing)
Doubled the flames of sevenbranched candelabra
Reflecting light upon the table as
The glitter of her jewels rose to meet it,
From satin cases poured in rich profusion; 85
In vials of ivory and coloured glass
Unstoppered, lurked her strange synthetic perfumes,
Unguent, powdered, or liquid—troubled, confused
And drowned the sense in odours; stirred by the air
That freshened from the window, these ascended 90
In fattening the prolonged candle-flames,
Flung their smoke into the laquearia,
Stirring the pattern on the coffered ceiling.
Huge sea-wood fed with copper
Burned green and orange, framed by the coloured stone, 95
In which sad light a carvèd dolphin swam.
Above the antique mantel was displayed
As though a window gave upon the sylvan scene
The change of Philomel, by the barbarous king
So rudely forced; yet there the nightingale 100
Filled all the desert with inviolable voice
And still she cried, and still the world pursues,
'Jug Jug' to dirty ears.
And other withered stumps of time
Were told upon the walls; staring forms 105
Leaned out, leaning, hushing the room enclosed.
Footsteps shuffled on the stair.
Under the firelight, under the brush, her hair
Spread out in fiery points
Glowed into words, then would be savagely still. 110

'My nerves are bad to-night. Yes, bad. Stay with me.
'Speak to me. Why do you never speak? Speak.
'What are you thinking of? What thinking? What?
'I never know what you are thinking. Think.'

I think we are in rats' alley 115
Where the dead men lost their bones.

'What is that noise?'
The wind under the door.
'What is that noise now? What is the wind doing?'
Nothing again nothing. 120
'Do
'You know nothing? Do you see nothing? Do you remember
'Nothing?'
I remember
Those are pearls that were his eyes. 125
'Are you alive, or not? Is there nothing in your head?'
But
O O O O that Shakespeherian Rag—
It's so elegant
So intelligent 130
'What shall I do now? What shall I do?'
'I shall rush out as I am, and walk the street
'With my hair down, so. What shall we do to-morrow?
'What shall we ever do?'
The hot water at ten. 135
And if it rains, a closed car at four.
And we shall play a game of chess,
Pressing lidless eyes and waiting for a knock upon the door.

When Lil's husband got demobbed, I said—
I didn't mince my words, I said to her myself, 140
HURRY UP PLEASE IT'S TIME
Now Albert's coming back, make yourself a bit smart.
He'll want to know what you done with that money he gave you
To get yourself some teeth. He did, I was there.
You have them all out, Lil, and get a nice set, 145
He said, I swear, I can't bear to look at you.
And no more can't I, I said, and think of poor Albert,
He's been in the army four years, he wants a good time,
And if you don't give it him, there's others will, I said.
Oh is there, she said. Something o' that, I said. 150
Then I'll know who to thank, she said, and give me a straight look.
HURRY UP PLEASE IT'S TIME
If you don't like it you can get on with it, I said.
Others can pick and choose if you can't.
But if Albert makes off, it won't be for lack of telling. 155
You ought to be ashamed, I said, to look so antique.
(And her only thirty-one.)
I can't help it, she said, pulling a long face,
It's them pills I took, to bring it off, she said.
(She's had five already, and nearly died of young George.) 160
The chemist said it would be alright, but I've never been the same.
You are a proper fool, I said.
Well, if Albert won't leave you alone, there it is, I said,
What you get married for if you don't want children?
HURRY UP PLEASE IT'S TIME 165
Well, that Sunday Albert was home, they had a hot gammon,
And they asked me in to dinner, to get the beauty of it hot—
HURRY UP PLEASE IT'S TIME
HURRY UP PLEASE IT'S TIME
Goonight Bill. Goonight Lou. Goonight May. Goonight. 170
Ta ta. Goonight. Goonight.
Good night, ladies, good night, sweet ladies, good night, good night.

III. THE FIRE SERMON


THE river's tent is broken: the last fingers of leaf
Clutch and sink into the wet bank. The wind
Crosses the brown land, unheard. The nymphs are departed. 175
Sweet Thames, run softly, till I end my song.
The river bears no empty bottles, sandwich papers,
Silk handkerchiefs, cardboard boxes, cigarette ends
Or other testimony of summer nights. The nymphs are departed.
And their friends, the loitering heirs of city directors; 180
Departed, have left no addresses.
By the waters of Leman I sat down and wept...
Sweet Thames, run softly till I end my song,
Sweet Thames, run softly, for I speak not loud or long.
But at my back in a cold blast I hear 185
The rattle of the bones, and chuckle spread from ear to ear.

A rat crept softly through the vegetation
Dragging its slimy belly on the bank
While I was fishing in the dull canal
On a winter evening round behind the gashouse 190
Musing upon the king my brother's wreck
And on the king my father's death before him.
White bodies naked on the low damp ground
And bones cast in a little low dry garret,
Rattled by the rat's foot only, year to year. 195
But at my back from time to time I hear
The sound of horns and motors, which shall bring
Sweeney to Mrs. Porter in the spring.
O the moon shone bright on Mrs. Porter
And on her daughter 200
They wash their feet in soda water
Et, O ces voix d'enfants, chantant dans la coupole!

Twit twit twit
Jug jug jug jug jug jug
So rudely forc'd. 205
Tereu

Unreal City
Under the brown fog of a winter noon
Mr. Eugenides, the Smyrna merchant
Unshaven, with a pocket full of currants 210
C.i.f. London: documents at sight,
Asked me in demotic French
To luncheon at the Cannon Street Hotel
Followed by a weekend at the Metropole.

At the violet hour, when the eyes and back 215
Turn upward from the desk, when the human engine waits
Like a taxi throbbing waiting,
I Tiresias, though blind, throbbing between two lives,
Old man with wrinkled female breasts, can see
At the violet hour, the evening hour that strives 220
Homeward, and brings the sailor home from sea,
The typist home at teatime, clears her breakfast, lights
Her stove, and lays out food in tins.
Out of the window perilously spread
Her drying combinations touched by the sun's last rays, 225
On the divan are piled (at night her bed)
Stockings, slippers, camisoles, and stays.
I Tiresias, old man with wrinkled dugs
Perceived the scene, and foretold the rest—
I too awaited the expected guest. 230
He, the young man carbuncular, arrives,
A small house agent's clerk, with one bold stare,
One of the low on whom assurance sits
As a silk hat on a Bradford millionaire.
The time is now propitious, as he guesses, 235
The meal is ended, she is bored and tired,
Endeavours to engage her in caresses
Which still are unreproved, if undesired.
Flushed and decided, he assaults at once;
Exploring hands encounter no defence; 240
His vanity requires no response,
And makes a welcome of indifference.
(And I Tiresias have foresuffered all
Enacted on this same divan or bed;
I who have sat by Thebes below the wall 245
And walked among the lowest of the dead.)
Bestows on final patronising kiss,
And gropes his way, finding the stairs unlit...

She turns and looks a moment in the glass,
Hardly aware of her departed lover; 250
Her brain allows one half-formed thought to pass:
'Well now that's done: and I'm glad it's over.'
When lovely woman stoops to folly and
Paces about her room again, alone,
She smoothes her hair with automatic hand, 255
And puts a record on the gramophone.

'This music crept by me upon the waters'
And along the Strand, up Queen Victoria Street.
O City city, I can sometimes hear
Beside a public bar in Lower Thames Street, 260
The pleasant whining of a mandoline
And a clatter and a chatter from within
Where fishmen lounge at noon: where the walls
Of Magnus Martyr hold
Inexplicable splendour of Ionian white and gold. 265

The river sweats
Oil and tar
The barges drift
With the turning tide
Red sails 270
Wide
To leeward, swing on the heavy spar.
The barges wash
Drifting logs
Down Greenwich reach 275
Past the Isle of Dogs.
Weialala leia
Wallala leialala

Elizabeth and Leicester
Beating oars 280
The stern was formed
A gilded shell
Red and gold
The brisk swell
Rippled both shores 285
Southwest wind
Carried down stream
The peal of bells
White towers
Weialala leia 290
Wallala leialala

'Trams and dusty trees.
Highbury bore me. Richmond and Kew
Undid me. By Richmond I raised my knees
Supine on the floor of a narrow canoe.' 295
'My feet are at Moorgate, and my heart
Under my feet. After the event
He wept. He promised "a new start".
I made no comment. What should I resent?'
'On Margate Sands. 300
I can connect
Nothing with nothing.
The broken fingernails of dirty hands.
My people humble people who expect
Nothing.' 305
la la

To Carthage then I came

Burning burning burning burning
O Lord Thou pluckest me out
O Lord Thou pluckest 310

burning

IV. DEATH BY WATER


PHLEBAS the Phoenician, a fortnight dead,
Forgot the cry of gulls, and the deep seas swell
And the profit and loss.
A current under sea 315
Picked his bones in whispers. As he rose and fell
He passed the stages of his age and youth
Entering the whirlpool.
Gentile or Jew
O you who turn the wheel and look to windward, 320
Consider Phlebas, who was once handsome and tall as you.

V. WHAT THE THUNDER SAID


AFTER the torchlight red on sweaty faces
After the frosty silence in the gardens
After the agony in stony places
The shouting and the crying 325
Prison and place and reverberation
Of thunder of spring over distant mountains
He who was living is now dead
We who were living are now dying
With a little patience 330

Here is no water but only rock
Rock and no water and the sandy road
The road winding above among the mountains
Which are mountains of rock without water
If there were water we should stop and drink 335
Amongst the rock one cannot stop or think
Sweat is dry and feet are in the sand
If there were only water amongst the rock
Dead mountain mouth of carious teeth that cannot spit
Here one can neither stand nor lie nor sit 340
There is not even silence in the mountains
But dry sterile thunder without rain
There is not even solitude in the mountains
But red sullen faces sneer and snarl
From doors of mudcracked houses
If there were water 345
And no rock
If there were rock
And also water
And water
A spring 350
A pool among the rock
If there were the sound of water only
Not the cicada
And dry grass singing
But sound of water over a rock 355
Where the hermit-thrush sings in the pine trees
Drip drop drip drop drop drop drop
But there is no water

Who is the third who walks always beside you?
When I count, there are only you and I together 360
But when I look ahead up the white road
There is always another one walking beside you
Gliding wrapt in a brown mantle, hooded
I do not know whether a man or a woman
—But who is that on the other side of you? 365

What is that sound high in the air
Murmur of maternal lamentation
Who are those hooded hordes swarming
Over endless plains, stumbling in cracked earth
Ringed by the flat horizon only 370
What is the city over the mountains
Cracks and reforms and bursts in the violet air
Falling towers
Jerusalem Athens Alexandria
Vienna London 375
Unreal

A woman drew her long black hair out tight
And fiddled whisper music on those strings
And bats with baby faces in the violet light
Whistled, and beat their wings 380
And crawled head downward down a blackened wall
And upside down in air were towers
Tolling reminiscent bells, that kept the hours
And voices singing out of empty cisterns and exhausted wells.

In this decayed hole among the mountains 385
In the faint moonlight, the grass is singing
Over the tumbled graves, about the chapel
There is the empty chapel, only the wind's home.
It has no windows, and the door swings,
Dry bones can harm no one. 390
Only a cock stood on the rooftree
Co co rico co co rico
In a flash of lightning. Then a damp gust
Bringing rain

Ganga was sunken, and the limp leaves 395
Waited for rain, while the black clouds
Gathered far distant, over Himavant.
The jungle crouched, humped in silence.
Then spoke the thunder
D A 400
Datta: what have we given?
My friend, blood shaking my heart
The awful daring of a moment's surrender
Which an age of prudence can never retract
By this, and this only, we have existed 405
Which is not to be found in our obituaries
Or in memories draped by the beneficent spider
Or under seals broken by the lean solicitor
In our empty rooms
D A 410
Dayadhvam: I have heard the key
Turn in the door once and turn once only
We think of the key, each in his prison
Thinking of the key, each confirms a prison
Only at nightfall, aetherial rumours 415
Revive for a moment a broken Coriolanus
D A
Damyata: The boat responded
Gaily, to the hand expert with sail and oar
The sea was calm, your heart would have responded 420
Gaily, when invited, beating obedient
To controlling hands

I sat upon the shore
Fishing, with the arid plain behind me
Shall I at least set my lands in order? 425

London Bridge is falling down falling down falling down

Poi s'ascose nel foco che gli affina
Quando fiam ceu chelidon—O swallow swallow
Le Prince d'Aquitaine à la tour abolie
These fragments I have shored against my ruins 430
Why then Ile fit you. Hieronymo's mad againe.
Datta. Dayadhvam. Damyata.

Shantih shantih shantih




NOTES

Not only the title, but the plan and a good deal of the incidental symbolism of the poem were suggested by Miss Jessie L. Weston's book on the Grail legend: From Ritual to Romance (Macmillan). Indeed, so deeply am I indebted, Miss Weston's book will elucidate the difficulties of the poem much better than my notes can do; and I recommend it (apart from the great interest of the book itself) to any who think such elucidation of the poem worth the trouble. To another work of anthropology I am indebted in general, one which has influenced our generation profoundly; I mean The Golden Bough; I have used especially the two volumes Adonis, Attis, Osiris. Anyone who is acquainted with these works will immediately recognize in the poem certain references to vegetation ceremonies.

I. THE BURIAL OF THE DEAD


Line 20 Cf. Ezekiel 2:7.

23. Cf. Ecclesiastes 12:5.

31. V. Tristan und Isolde, i, verses 5–8.

42. Id. iii, verse 24.

46. I am not familiar with the exact constitution of the Tarot pack of cards, from which I have obviously departed to suit my own convenience. The Hanged Man, a member of the traditional pack, fits my purpose in two ways: because he is associated in my mind with the Hanged God of Frazer, and because I associate him with the hooded figure in the passage of the disciples to Emmaus in Part V. The Phoenician Sailor and the Merchant appear later; also the 'crowds of people', and Death by Water is executed in Part IV. The Man with Three Staves (an authentic member of the Tarot pack) I associate, quite arbitrarily, with the Fisher King himself.

60. Cf. Baudelaire:
Fourmillante cité, cité pleine de rêves,
Où le spectre en plein jour raccroche le passant.

63. Cf. Inferno, iii. 55–7:
si lunga tratta
di gente, ch'io non avrei mai creduto
che morte tanta n'avesse disfatta.

64. Cf. Inferno, iv. 25–27:
Quivi, secondo che per ascoltare,
non avea pianto, ma' che di sospiri,
che l'aura eterna facevan tremare.

68. A phenomenon which I have often noticed.

74. Cf. the Dirge in Webster's White Devil.

76. V. Baudelaire, Preface to Fleurs du Mal.

II. A GAME OF CHESS


77. Cf. Antony and Cleopatra, II. ii. 190.

92. Laquearia. V. Aeneid, I. 726:
dependent lychni laquearibus aureis incensi, et noctem flammis funalia vincunt.


98. Sylvan scene. V. Milton, Paradise Lost, iv. 140.

99. V. Ovid, Metamorphoses, vi, Philomela.

100. Cf. Part III, l. 204.

115. Cf. Part III, l. 195.

118. Cf. Webster: 'Is the wind in that door still?'

126. Cf. Part I, l. 37, 48.

138. Cf. the game of chess in Middleton's Women beware Women.

III. THE FIRE SERMON


176. V. Spenser, Prothalamion.

192. Cf. The Tempest, I. ii.

196. Cf. Marvell, To His Coy Mistress.

197. Cf. Day, Parliament of Bees:
When of the sudden, listening, you shall hear,
A noise of horns and hunting, which shall bring
Actaeon to Diana in the spring,
Where all shall see her naked skin...

199. I do not know the origin of the ballad from which these lines are taken: it was reported to me from Sydney, Australia.

202. V. Verlaine, Parsifal.

210. The currants were quoted at a price 'carriage and insurance free to London'; and the Bill of Lading, etc., were to be handed to the buyer upon payment of the sight draft.

218. Tiresias, although a mere spectator and not indeed a 'character', is yet the most important personage in the poem, uniting all the rest. Just as the one-eyed merchant, seller of currants, melts into the Phoenician Sailor, and the latter is not wholly distinct from Ferdinand Prince of Naples, so all the women are one woman, and the two sexes meet in Tiresias. What Tiresias sees, in fact, is the substance of the poem. The whole passage from Ovid is of great anthropological interest:
...Cum Iunone iocos et 'maior vestra profecto est
Quam, quae contingit maribus', dixisse, 'voluptas.'
Illa negat; placuit quae sit sententia docti
Quaerere Tiresiae: venus huic erat utraque nota.
Nam duo magnorum viridi coeuntia silva
Corpora serpentum baculi violaverat ictu
Deque viro factus, mirabile, femina septem
Egerat autumnos; octavo rursus eosdem
Vidit et 'est vestrae si tanta potentia plagae',
Dixit 'ut auctoris sortem in contraria mutet,
Nunc quoque vos feriam!' percussis anguibus isdem
Forma prior rediit genetivaque venit imago.
Arbiter hic igitur sumptus de lite iocosa
Dicta Iovis firmat; gravius Saturnia iusto
Nec pro materia fertur doluisse suique
Iudicis aeterna damnavit lumina nocte,
At pater omnipotens (neque enim licet inrita cuiquam
Facta dei fecisse deo) pro lumine adempto
Scire futura dedit poenamque levavit honore.

221. This may not appear as exact as Sappho's lines, but I had in mind the 'longshore' or 'dory' fisherman, who returns at nightfall.

253. V. Goldsmith, the song in The Vicar of Wakefield.

257. V. The Tempest, as above.

264. The interior of St. Magnus Martyr is to my mind one of the finest among Wren's interiors. See The Proposed Demolition of Nineteen City Churches (P. S. King & Son, Ltd.).

266. The Song of the (three) Thames-daughters begins here. From line 292 to 306 inclusive they speak in turn. V. Götterdammerung, III. i: The Rhine-daughters.

279. V. Froude, Elizabeth, vol. I, ch. iv, letter of De Quadra to Philip of Spain:
In the afternoon we were in a barge, watching the games on the river. (The queen) was alone with Lord Robert and myself on the poop, when they began to talk nonsense, and went so far that Lord Robert at last said, as I was on the spot there was no reason why they should not be married if the queen pleased.

293. Cf. Purgatorio, V. 133:
'Ricorditi di me, che son la Pia;
Siena mi fe', disfecemi Maremma.'

307. V. St. Augustine's Confessions: 'to Carthage then I came, where a cauldron of unholy loves sang all about mine ears'.

308. The complete text of the Buddha's Fire Sermon (which corresponds in importance to the Sermon on the Mount) from which these words are taken, will be found translated in the late Henry Clarke Warren's Buddhism in Translation (Harvard Oriental Series). Mr. Warren was one of the great pioneers of Buddhist studies in the Occident.

309. From St. Augustine's Confessions again. The collocation of these two representatives of eastern and western asceticism, as the culmination of this part of the poem, is not an accident.

V. WHAT THE THUNDER SAID


In the first part of Part V three themes are employed: the journey to Emmaus, the approach to the Chapel Perilous (see Miss Weston's book), and the present decay of eastern Europe.

357. This is Turdus aonalaschkae pallasii, the hermit-thrush which I have heard in Quebec County. Chapman says (Handbook of Birds in Eastern North America) 'it is most at home in secluded woodland and thickety retreats.... Its notes are not remarkable for variety or volume, but in purity and sweetness of tone and exquisite modulation they are unequalled.' Its 'water-dripping song' is justly celebrated.

360. The following lines were stimulated by the account of one of the Antarctic expeditions (I forget which, but I think one of Shackleton's): it was related that the party of explorers, at the extremity of their strength, had the constant delusion that there was one more member than could actually be counted.

367–77. Cf. Hermann Hesse, Blick ins Chaos:
Schon ist halb Europa, schon ist zumindest der halbe Osten Europas auf dem Wege zum Chaos, fährt betrunken im heiligen Wahn am Abgrund entlang und singt dazu, singt betrunken und hymnisch wie Dmitri Karamasoff sang. Ueber diese Lieder lacht der Bürger beleidigt, der Heilige und Seher hört sie mit Tränen.

401. 'Datta, dayadhvam, damyata' (Give, sympathize, control). The fable of the meaning of the Thunder is found in the Brihadaranyaka--Upanishad, 5, 1. A translation is found in Deussen's Sechzig Upanishads des Veda, p. 489.

407. Cf. Webster, The White Devil, V, vi:
...they'll remarry
Ere the worm pierce your winding-sheet, ere the spider
Make a thin curtain for your epitaphs.

411. Cf. Inferno, xxxiii. 46:
ed io sentii chiavar l'uscio di sotto
all'orribile torre.
Also F. H. Bradley, Appearance and Reality, p. 346:
My external sensations are no less private to myself than are my thoughts or my feelings. In either case my experience falls within my own circle, a circle closed on the outside; and, with all its elements alike, every sphere is opaque to the others which surround it.... In brief, regarded as an existence which appears in a soul, the whole world for each is peculiar and private to that soul.

424. V. Weston, From Ritual to Romance; chapter on the Fisher King.

427. V. Purgatorio, xxvi. 148.
'Ara vos prec per aquella valor
'que vos guida al som de l'escalina,
'sovegna vos a temps de ma dolor.'
Poi s'ascose nel foco che gli affina.

428. V. Pervigilium Veneris. Cf. Philomela in Parts II and III.

429. V. Gerard de Nerval, Sonnet El Desdichado.

431. V. Kyd's Spanish Tragedy.

433. Shantih. Repeated as here, a formal ending to an Upanishad. 'The Peace which passeth understanding' is a feeble translation of the conduct of this word.

Thursday, July 3, 2008

Tuesday, June 24, 2008

Ashbery ¿UTI?

The room I entered was a dream of this room. Surely all those feet on the sofa were mine. The oval portrait of a dog was me at an early age. Something shimmers; something is hushed up. We had macaroni for lunch every day, except Sunday, when a small quail was induced to be served to us. Why do I tell you these things? You are not even here.

Thursday, June 19, 2008

"Rather than struggling to understand the poems, to take pleasure in their arrangement the way you listen to music."

John Ashbery

http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/entertainment/july-dec07/ashbery_12-31.html
(click where it says: "Streaming Video")

The History of My Life

Once upon a time there were two brothers.

Then there was only one: myself.

I grew up fast, before learning to drive,

even. There was I: a stinking adult.

I thought of developing interests

someone might take an interest in. No soap.

I became very weepy for what had seemed

like the pleasant early years. As I aged

increasingly, I also grew more charitable

with regard to my thoughts and ideas,

thinking them at least as good as the next man's.

Then a great devouring cloud

came and loitered on the horizon, drinking

it up, for what seemed like months or years.

La Historia de mi Vida

Había una vez dos hermanos.
Después quedó uno solo: Yo.
Crecí rápido, antes incluso de aprender a manejar.
Heme ahí un adulto apestoso.
Pensaba en el desarrollo de intereses en los que alguien pudiera interesarse. Ni sopas.
Me volví muy llorón, al parecer como en aquellos tranquilos primeros años.
Conforme crecí, gradualmente, me hice más generoso en cuanto
a mis pensamientos e ideas
pensando que eran tan buenas
como las de mi próximo.
Después una enorme nube voráz
se estacionó en el horizonte
y lo engulló
por lo que parecieron ser meses
o años.

*trad. SM

Sunday, June 8, 2008

Robert Duncan

A Menudo Me Es Dado Volver A Un Prado

como un escenario por la mente construido
que no es mío, pues es un lugar ya hecho,

pero es mío, tan cercano al corazón,
eterno forraje oculto en todo pensar
que tiene pues su sala ahí

que es un lugar ya hecho, formado de luz
en donde las sombras que son las formas caen.

Donde todas las arquitecturas que soy caen
donde hay apariciones del Primer Amor
son sus flores llamas encendidas a la Dama.

La que es Reina Bajo La Colina
sus huestes son tropel de palabras en palabras
que es un campo preparado.

Es tan solo un sueño de pastizal volando
al oriente contra el surtidor del sol
un momento antes del ocaso

cuyo secreto vemos en el juego de niños
rodea el aro de rosas contado.

A menudo me es dado volver a un prado
cual si fuera una determinada facultad mental
que sostienen ciertos lazos contra el caos,

que es el lugar del permiso primero
eterna profecía de cuanto es.

Monday, June 2, 2008

Este O'Hara

Why I Am Not a Painter

I am not a painter, I am a poet.
Why? I think I would rather be
a painter, but I am not. Well,
for instance, Mike Goldberg
is starting a painting. I drop in.
"Sit down and have a drink" he
says. I drink; we drink. I look
up. "You have SARDINES in it."
"Yes, it needed something there."
"Oh." I go and the days go by
and I drop in again. The painting
is going on, and I go, and the days
go by. I drop in. The painting is
finished. "Where's SARDINES?"
All that's left is just
letters, "It was too much," Mike says.
But me? One day I am thinking of
a color: orange. I write a line
about orange. Pretty soon it is a
whole page of words, not lines.
Then another page. There should be
so much more, not of orange, of
words, of how terrible orange is
and life. Days go by. It is even in
prose, I am a real poet. My poem
is finished and I haven't mentioned
orange yet. It's twelve poems, I call
it ORANGES. And one day in a gallery
I see Mike's painting, called SARDINES.

Frank O'Hara

Por Que No Soy Pintor.

No soy pintor, soy poeta.
¿Por qué? Creo que debería ser
pintor pero no lo soy. Ahí tenemos
a Mike Goldberg, por ejemplo,
comenzando un cuadro. Le visito.
"Siéntante y sírvete un trago" dice.
Me lo tomo; brindamos. Miro bien.
"Pusiste SARDINAS en él".
"Sí, necesitaba poner algo"
"Oh". Me voy y los días pasan
y le visito otra vez. El cuadro sigue
y sigue y le visito y los días
pasan. Le vuelvo a visitar. El cuadro
ha sido terminado. "¿Dónde quedó
SARDINAS?"
Todo lo que queda son letras
"Era demasiado" dice Mike.
¿Y yo? Un día pienso en
un color: naranja. Escribo
acerca del naranja. Muy pronto
es un página llena de palabras,
no frases. Y luego otra página.
Y pronto serán muchas más,
no de naranja, de palabras,
de cuán tremendo es el naranja
y la vida. Los días pasan. El texto
está en prosa, soy un
verdadero poeta. Mi poema está
listo y no he dicho naranja todavía.
Son doce poemas, les he titulado
NARANJAS. Y un día en una galería
veo el cuadro de Mike titulado
SARDINAS.

Frank O'Hara
Transdicción SM

Friday, May 30, 2008

O'Hara maravilloso.

Avenida A

Ya casi no podemos ver la luna
así que no te extrañe
que se vea tan bella cuando aparece de pronto
Ahí la vemos deslizarse sobre los puentes, su cara quebrada,
cursando suave, brillante, y una fresca brisa te vuela el pelo
sobre la frente y los recuerdos
del paisaje en tren de Red Grooms
Yo quiero un whisky/tu pides naranjas/yo amo la cazadora de cuero
que me dió Norman
y el abrigo de pana que te dió David,
es más misterioso que la primavera, los cielos de El Greco
abriéndose y cerrándose de nuevo como leones
en el vasto, trágico telón.
Esto es superior a nuestras pequeñas existencias y a nuestra pasajera unión de
pasiones en la catedral de los eneros.

Todo es tan comprensible
estos son mis poemas tiernos y acariciantes
supongo que vendrán más de los otros, como en el
pasado
¡muchos más!
Pero por hoy la luna se entrega como una perla
a mi corazón también desnudo.

Thursday, May 29, 2008

Lecture 9: Poetry & Time Now: What?—O’Hara & Duncan)


“Period by period the sentences are bound. / Fragments deliverd up / to what celestial timekeeper?” wrote Robert Duncan.

When we read a novel that has our attention, that sucks us in and moves us, we want it to go on forever. A bad novel—we can’t wait for it to be over. Same with movies.

And a poem? When we read a good poem, we want to read it again and again. Its time is more intense—not the duration of fiction, not the continuous flow of life, but the moment of insight, revelation, of primordial memory and the instantaneous recognition of truth. Or, as Frank O’Hara wrote, “Everything / suddenly honks: it is 12:40 of / a Thursday.”

Friday, May 23, 2008

Otro de Ashbery

La historia de amor
por John Ashbery

Lo vimos venir desde siempre,
luego ya estaba aquí, en línea
con el paseo de aquel día. Para entonces, éramos nosotros
los que habíamos desaparecido, en el túnel de un libro.

Despertando en la madrugada, nos unimos al flujo
de las noticias de mañana. ¿Por qué no? A diferencia
de algunos otros, no tenemos nada que pedir
o que tomar prestado. No somos sino piezas de sólida geometría:

cilindros o romboides. Cierta satisfacción
nos ha sido otorgada. Sí, claro, siempre volvemos
a por más... Es parte del aspecto "humano"
del desfile. Y existen regiones más oscuras

perfiladas, que habría que explorar alguna vez.
Por ahora nos basta con que el día se haya acabado.
Trajo su carga de frescura, la dejó caer
y se marchó. En cuanto a nosotros, seguimos aquí, ¿no es cierto? ~

— Versión de Jordi Doce

ASHBERY AND GUADALAJARA ... "How limited, but how complete withal, has been our experience of Guadalajara!"
















The Instruction Manual
As I sit looking out of a window of the building
I wish I did not have to write the instruction manual on the uses of a new
metal.
I look down into the street and see people, each walking with an inner peace,
And envy them--they are so far away from me!
Not one of them has to worry about getting out this manual on schedule.
And, as my way is, I begin to dream, resting my elbows on the desk and leaning
out of the window a little,
Of dim Guadalajara! City of rose-colored flowers!
City I wanted most to see, and did not see, in Mexico!
But I fancy I see, under the press of having to write the instruction manual,
Your public square, city, with its elaborate little bandstand!
The band is playing Scheherazade by Rimsky-Korsakov.
Around stand the flower girls, handing out rose- and lemon-colored flowers,
Each attractive in her rose-and-blue striped dress (Oh! such shades of rose and
blue),
And nearby is the little white booth where women in green serve you green and
yellow fruit.
The couples are parading; everyone is in a holiday mood.
First, leading the parade, is a dapper fellow
Clothed in deep blue. On his head sits a white hat
And he wears a mustache, which has been trimmed for the occasion.
His dear one, his wife, is young and pretty; her shawl is rose, pink, and
white.
Her slippers are patent leather, in the American fashion,
And she carries a fan, for she is modest, and does not want the crowd to see
her face too often.
But everybody is so busy with his wife or loved one
I doubt they would notice the mustacioed man's wife.
Here come the boys! They are skipping and throwing little things on the
sidewalk
Which is made of gray tile. One of them, a little older, has a toothpick in his
teeth.
He is silenter than the rest, and affects not to notice the pretty young girls
in white.
But his friends notice them, and shout their jeers at the laughing girls.
Yet soon this all will cease, with the deepening of their years,
And love bring each to the parade grounds for another reason.
But I have lost sight of the young fellow with the toothpick.
Wait--there he is--on the other side of the bandstand.
Secluded from his friends, in earnest talk with a young girl
Of fourteen or fifteen. I try to hear what they are saying
But it seems they are just mumbling something--shy words of love, probably.
She is slightly taller than he, and looks quietly down into his sincere eyes.
She is wearing white. The breeze ruffles her long fine black hair against her
olive cheek.
Obviously she is in love. The boy, the young boy with the toothpick, he is in
love too;
His eyes show it. Turning from this couple,
I see there is an intermission in the concert.
The paraders are resting and sipping drinks through straws
(The drinks are dispensed from a large glass crock by a lady in dark blue),
And the musicians mingle among them, in their creamy white uniforms, and talk
About the weather, perhaps, or how their kids are doing at school.

Let us take this opportunity to tiptoe into one of the side streets.
Here you may see one of those white houses with green trim
That are so popular here. Look--I told you!
It is cool and dim inside, but the patio is sunny.
An old woman in gray sits there, fanning herself with a palm leaf fan.
She welcomes us to her patio, and offers us a cooling drink.
"My son is in Mexico City," she says. "He would welcome you too
If he were here. But his job is with a bank there.
Look, here is a photograph of him."
And a dark-skinned lad with pearly teeth grins out at us from the worn leather
frame.
We thank her for her hospitality, for it is getting late
And we must catch a view of the city, before we leave, from a good high place.
That church tower will do--the faded pink one, there against the fierce blue of
the sky. Slowly we enter.
The caretaker, an old man dressed in brown and gray, asks us how long we have
been in the city, and how we like it here.
His daughter is scrubbing the steps--she nods to us as we pass into the tower.
Soon we have reached the top, and the whole network of the city extends
before us.
there is the rich quarter, with its houses of pink and white, and its
crumbling, leafy terraces.
There is the poorer quarter, its homes a deep blue.
There is the market, where men are selling hats and swatting flies
And there is the public library, painted several shades of pale green and
beige.
Look! There is the square we just came from, with the promenaders.
There are fewer of them, now that the heat of the day has increased.
But the young boy and girl still lurk in the shadows of the bandstand.
And there is the home of the little old lady--
She is still sitting in the patio, fanning herself.
How limited, but how complete withal, has been our experience of Guadalajara!
We have seen young love, married love, and the love of an aged mother for her
son.
We have heard the music, tasted the drinks, and looked at colored houses.
What more is there to do, except stay? And that we cannot do.
And as a last breeze freshens the top of the weathered old tower, I turn my
gaze
Back to the instruction manual which has made me dream of Guadalajara.

-- John Ashbery

JOHN ASHBERY
EL MANUAL DE INSTRUCCIONES

Sentado mirando por la ventana del edificio
no querría tener que escribir el manual de instrucciones acerca de los usos de un
nuevo metal.
Miro la calle y veo gente, cada cual caminando en paz,
y los envidio -¡tan lejos de mí!
No tienen que preocuparse por terminar este manual a tiempo.
Y, como siempre, empiezo a soñar, con los codos
sobre el escritorio y asomándome un poco a la ventana,
¡en la tenue Guadalajara! ¡ciudad de flores rosadas!
¡La ciudad que más quise ver, y vi menos, en México!
¡Pero me imagino que veo, bajo la presión de tener que escribir el manual de
instrucciones,
tu plaza pública, ciudad, con su adornado quiosco de música!
La banda está́ tocando Sherezade de Rimsky -Korsakov.
Alrededor las floristas ofrecen flores de color rosa y limón,
cada una atrayente con su vestido a rayas rosa y azul (¡oh!, qué tonos de rosa y
azul),
Y cerca hay un pequeño puesto blanco donde algunas mujeres de verde brindan
fruta verde y amarilla.
Las parejas desfilan; todos están con ánimo de fiesta.
Delante, encabezando el desfile, hay un tipo buenmozo
de azul oscuro. Lleva puesto un sombrero blanco
y tiene bigote, recortado para la ocasión.
Su querida, su esposa, es joven y bonita; su chal es encarnado, rosado y blanco.
Lleva zapatillas de cuero, a la moda yanqui,
y un abanico, porque es modesta y no quiere que la gente le vea la cara
demasiado.
Pero cada cual está tan entretenido con su mujer o amante
que dudo que se fijen en la mujer del bigotudo.
¡Ahora pasan los muchachos! Van esquivando los bultos y tirando
porquerías a la vereda, que es de baldosas grises. Uno, un poquito mayor, tiene un
palillo entre los dientes.
Está más callado que los otros, y pretende no ver a las lindas chicas de blanco.
Pero sus amigos las ven, y las muchachas se ríen de las cosas que les gritan.
Esto se acabará pronto, cuando crezcan,
y el amor los traiga a la plaza por otro motivo.
Se me perdió el muchachito del escarbadientes.
Un momento: ahí está: del otro lado del quiosco de música,
escondido de los amigos, en seria conversación con una chica
de catorce o quince. Trato de oir lo que dicen
pero parece que apenas murmuran algo-tímidas palabras de amor, posiblemente.
Ella es un poco más alta que él, y lo mira tranquila a los ojos, que parecen sinceros.
Está de blanco. La brisa ondea el pelo negro, largo y fino, contra su mejilla bronceada.
Sin duda está enamorada. El muchacho, el jovencito con el escarbadiente, también está enamorado;
se le ve en los ojos. Al darme vuelta
me doy cuenta de que paró la música.
La gente descansa y bebe con pajillas
(los tragos son distribuidos de una gran jarra de vidrio por una mujer de azul oscuro),
y los músicos se mezclan con sus uniformes blanco crema, y hablan
acerca del tiempo, quizá, o de cómo se portan sus hijos en la escuela.
Aprovechemos la oportunidad para entrar de puntas a una de las calles laterales.
Se ve una de esas casas blancas con cerco verde
que son tan comunes aquí. Miren -¿qué les decía?
El interior es fresco y oscuro, pero el patio está bañado por el sol.
Hay una vieja sentada afuera, que se abanica con un abanico de palma.
Nos invita al patio, y nos ofrece una bebida fría.
“Mi hijo está en México”, dice. “También él les daría la bienvenida
si estuviera aquí. Pero trabaja en un banco.
Vean, ésta es su foto”.
Y un hombre de piel oscura con dientes como perlas esboza una sonrisa desde un marco de cuero
gastado.
Le agradecemos la hospitalidad, pues ya se hace tarde
y queremos contemplar la ciudad desde un lugar alto antes de irnos,
desde ese campanario -el rosado descolorido, allí, contra el azul salvaje del cielo. Entramos despacio.
El sacristán, un viejo vestido de marrón y gris, nos pregunta cuándo llegamos y si nos gusta el lugar.
Su hija está fregando los escalones -nos saluda con la cabeza cuando pasamos hacia la torre.
La subimos rápido, y el conjunto de la ciudad se extiende ante nosotros.
Ahí está el barrio acomodado, con sus casas rosadas y blancas, y sus terrazas ruinosas, cubiertas de
hojas.
Allí está el barrio pobre, sus casas azul profundo.
Allá está el mercado, donde los hombres venden sombreros y aplastan las moscas,
y la biblioteca pública, en distintos tonos de verde pálido y beige.
¡Miren! Ahí está la plaza de donde salimos, con los paseantes.
Ahora, que el calor aumenta, hay menos gente,
pero el jovencito y la muchacha todavía emergen entre las sombras del quiosco de música.
Y al lado está la casa de la viejecita
-todavía está sentada en el patio, abanicándose.
¡Qué limitada, y qué completa sin embargo, ha sido nuestra experiencia de Guadalajara!
Hemos visto el amor juvenil, el amor conyugal, y el amor de una madre anciana por su hijo.
Oímos la música, probamos los tragos, vimos las casas de colores.
¿Qué queda por hacer, salvo quedarse? Pero no podemos.
Y mientras una brisa tardía refresca la punta de la torre antigua y deteriorada, me vuelvo
hacia el manual de instrucciones que me hizo soñar con Guadalajara.

Tuesday, May 20, 2008

Poetry & Subjectivity (Who Is I?—Plath & Ashbery)



“I took a deep breath and listened to the old bray of my heart: I am, I am, I am,” wrote Sylvia Plath.

And John Ashbery wrote, “My guide in these matters is your self, / Firm, oblique, accepting everything with the same / Wraith of a smile, and as time speeds up so that it is soon / Much later, I can know only the straight way out, / The distance between us.”

When you speak, when you write, how many times do you begin a sentence with the word “I”? Well, it is I who am speaking, I who am writing, but isn’t it odd that the one word that represents my self—I—is the one word I have to share with everyone else?

The “I” of the poet, the “I” of the poem, the “I” of the reader—both Plath and Ashbery write from the poetic I. This is at least a convention of lyric poetry. So, Who is I?

Saturday, May 10, 2008

Encontré esto en LL

Con la pintura me pasa lo mismo que con la poesía: siempre quiero dejarla y ella nunca me deja. Por más que quiero, no me deja. ¡Cuántas veces he sentido que es la hora –por fin– del adiós, y resulta que me tiene deparada otra sorpresa!

Hace algunos años fueron las naturalezas muertas vivísimas de Picasso; hace pocos años fueron las naturalezas quietas de Matisse; ayer, algunos pequeños cuadros magistrales de Klee; hoy, las flores de Kiefer en su Bohemia junto al mar.

Y frente a este campo de flores –o desde el campo mismo– llega la legendaria ballena de Jonás para hacer de nuevo su trabajo: me devora, me asimila, me transforma, y vuelvo a quedar tocado por el rayo del arte, la pintura, la poesía.

¿Cuántas veces no me ha pasado lo mismo? Y yo tan necio, tan grandilocuente, tan teatral. Sí, sobre todo, tan teatral. Tratando siempre de dar el golpe maestro y conseguir la salida espectacular de la escena propinando la puntilla.

¿Y cuántas veces –por más que me choque admitirlo– estos mismos excesos de pomposa retórica no me han costado a final de cuentas muy caro? Un sobreesfuerzo vital que no consigue sino exacerbar las contradicciones y el dolor.

Pero a pesar de los tiempos oscuros la vida es un milagro: un campo de flores que el artista ha pintado para reavivar nuestra esperanza. He aquí –como dice Nietzsche– “cosas buenas, perfectas... cuya áurea madurez cura el corazón”.

Hoy, frente a la Bohemia que yace junto al mar, comprendo con los ojos abiertos: la obra está cumplida. En este campo minado de ceniza, las joyas vivas de un tierno salmón se abren paso a la gloria de la luz bajo el cielo oscurecido. ~

Friday, May 2, 2008

Last two...



The original images are from Buckmister Fuller.

El famoso blackbird?






This is a colaboration between JIS, Jose Davila and myself, we did it like a year ago for a magazine called Codigo 06140

Wallace Stevens, the Peacocks' Poet

Domination of Black

At night, by the fire,
The colors of the bushes
And of the fallen leaves,
Repeating themselves,
Turned in the room,
Like the leaves themselves
Turning in the wind.
Yes: but the color of the heavy hemlocks
Came striding.
And I remembered the cry of the peacocks.

The colors of their tails
Were like the leaves themselves
Turning in the wind,
In the twilight wind.
They swept over the room,
Just as they flew from the boughs of the hemlocks
Down to the ground.
I heard them cry—the peacocks.
Was it a cry against the twilight
Or against the leaves themselves
Turning in the wind,
Turning as the flames
Turned in the fire,
Turning as the tails of the peacocks
Turned in the loud fire,
Loud as the hemlocks
Full of the cry of the peacocks?
Or was it a cry against the hemlocks?

Out of the window,
I saw how the planets gathered
Like the leaves themselves
Turning in the wind.
I saw how the night came,
Came striding like the color of the heavy hemlocks
I felt afraid.
And I remembered the cry of the peacocks.

Thursday, May 1, 2008

Lecture 5: Poetry, Thought, Feeling (the Mind & the Body—Stevens & Ginsberg)





“The poem is the cry of its occasion,” wrote Wallace Stevens.

What are we? Are we mind, body, soul? Some combination of these parts? Some other kind of whole?

Perhaps it depends on the occasion, the moment we’re asking the question.

In poetry, there are moments of intellectual reaction to chaos and disorder, to volatility and instability. Wallace Stevens can be said to be of this moment: the mind thinking through itself, seeking order in the medium of its reality, language.

There are other moments of a visceral reaction against order and conformity, against the madness of reason. Allen Ginsberg is definitely of this moment: the vitality of the whole individual resisting constraint, repression, and fear in the psychic medium of linguistic imagination.

Thursday, April 24, 2008

Just an effort to stir the dialogue

Love after love

The time will come
When, with elation,
You will greet yourself arriving
At your own door, in your own mirror,
And each will smile at the other's welcome,

And say, sit here, Eat.
You will love again the stranger who was your self.
Give wine. Give bread. Give back your heart
To itself, to the stranger who has loved you

All your life, whom you ignored
For another, who knows you by heart.
Take down the love letters from the bookshelf,

The photographs, the desperate notes,
Peel your image from the mirror.
Sit. Feast on your life.


Derek Walcott

Do you consider this a "relieving" poem? Why?

Sunday, April 13, 2008

Friday, April 11, 2008

Keith Jarrett, the improvised Paris Concert

I'm posting here a part of Keith Jarrett's Paris Concert, one of his totally improvised piano solo concerts. As I said yesterday, his stance about improvisation seemed to me very similar to that of Olson, I mean, fidelitiy to the work for the sake of the work (poetry or music): image leads to a further image almost like a causal necessity, and, for Jarrett, music blossom for itself so he just need to follow the path the music itself dictates. Again, necessity, continuous and anonymity of the author. All this idea as oposed to that of the totally preconceived en closed work of art. Hope this could be useful (and correct) Garrett.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eVgkiVWeiSU

Wednesday, April 9, 2008

On form and matter (again)

In 1939, José Gorostiza published one of the most interesting poems ever written by a mexican poet, "Muerte sin fin". It has been studied ever since by thousands of writers and philosophers to be.
In the first part of the poem, appears the connection between matter and form: water and vase.

(...)me descubro
en la imagen atónita del agua,
que tan sólo es un tumbo inmarcesible,
un desplome de ángeles caídos
a la delicia intacta de su peso,
que nada tiene
sino la cara en blanco
hundida a medias, ya, como risa agónica,
en las ténues holandas de la nube
y en los funestos cánticos del mar (...)

(...)No obstante -oh paradoja- constreñida
por el rigor del vaso que la aclara
el agua toma forma.
En él se asienta, ahonda y edifica,
cumple una edad amarga de silencios
y un reposo gentil de muerte niña,
sonriente, que desflora
un más allá de pájaros en desbandada.
En la red de cristal que la estrangula,
allí, como en el agua de un espejo,
se reconoce;
atada allí, gota con gota,
marchito el tropo de espuma en la garganta
¡qué desnudez de agua tan intensa,
qué agua tan agua, (...)

(...)¡Más qué vaso -también- más providente
éste que así se hinche
como una estrella en grano (...)

(...) tal vez esta oquedad que nos estrecha
en islas de monólogos sin eco,
aunque se llame Dios,
no sea sino un vaso
que nos amolda el alma perdidiza,
pero que acaso el alma sólo advierta
en una transparencia acumulada
que tiñe la noción de El, de azul.

Friday, April 4, 2008

¡Poet!

Wednesday, April 2, 2008

Lecture 3: The Form of Poetry (the Laws of the Art—Auden & Olson)



We assume that a writer has something to say—does he or she? We assume that there is a content, message, or meaning to a poem, to poetry, and to poetic endeavor—what is meaning? what is poetic endeavor? what is a poem? But while engaging the question of meaning and intention in relation to the art of poetry, we will assume that there is motivation on the part of the individual poet to write, and hence we are going to focus on writing as such, as an art.

We begin with the premise that poetry is first of all an art which uses language as its medium—that is, that poetry is not a thing for ornamenting thoughts, feelings, or sentiment. Hence we’ll be looking into the laws of the art and the techniques of poetry. The emphasis of this lecture, then, is going to be on craft, but not on the traditional sense—this will not be about verse forms (prosody) and poetic language, poetic “images,” or the poetic turn of phrase, but rather about ideas of poetic form and, as Charles Olson wrote,

“FORM IS NEVER MORE THAN AN EXTENSION OF CONTENT.”

Wednesday, March 26, 2008

Sunday, March 23, 2008

Jose Juan Tablada / Poemas-dibujos- Haikus



EL PAVO REAL


Pavo real, largo fulgor,
Por el gallinero demócrata
Pasas como una procesión...

Friday, March 21, 2008

Thursday, March 20, 2008

Me Peacock

What's riches to him
That has made a great peacock
With the pride of his eye?
The wind-beaten, stone-grey,
And desolate Three-rock
Would nourish his whim.
Live he or die

Amid wet rocks and heather,
His ghost will be gay

Adding feather to feather
For the pride of his eye

William Butler Yeats (1865–1939). From Responsibilities and Other Poems, 1916.

Tuesday, March 18, 2008

Pavo Real en movimiento...

Aqui va otro pavo real


Aqui va otro pavo real:
Francis Alÿs; "El señor Pavoreal representará al señor Alys en la 49 Bienal de Venecia", 2001

Monday, March 17, 2008

VA de nuez!

Saturday, March 15, 2008

Enter the Mystics

Excerpt from the Coplas of Juan de Yepes, a.k.a. San Juan de la Cruz

Entreme donde no supe
y quedéme no sabiendo
toda ciencia trascendiendo.

Yo no supe dónde entraba
pero cuando allí me vi
sin saber dónde me estaba
grandes cosas entendí
no diré lo que sentí
que me quedé no sabiendo
toda ciencia trascendiendo.

De paz y de piedad
era la ciencia perfecta,
en profunda soledad
entendida vía recta
era cosa tan secreta
que me quedé balbuciendo
toda ciencia trascendiendo.

Estaba tan embebido
tan absorto y ajenado
que se quedó mi sentido
de todo sentir privado
y el espíritu dotado
de un entender no entendiendo
toda ciencia trascendiendo.

El que allí llega de vero
de sí mismo desfallece
cuanto sabía primero
mucho bajo le parece
y su ciencia tanto crece
que se queda no sabiendo,
toda ciencia trascendiendo.

Friday, March 14, 2008

Pavo Real

Si algo quiere decir ese

Si algo quiere decir ese
breve manchón (la mosca posada junto al plato)
yo no lo sé: antes creía saber, pero las cosas
pasaron de otro modo.
Ahora digo 'mosca' y es bastante:
ni ella responderá, ni la palabra
se acercará a tocarla
ni yo sabré algo más.
Y aunque esa forma ajena
se vaya volando,
la palabra está acá
llena de pelos, oscura,
intratable.

(Daniel Freidemberg. -de "La Sonatita Que Haga Fondo al Caos")

Wednesday, March 12, 2008

Lecture 2: The Work of Poetry (Revision & Process—Oppen & Spicer)




“I try one word and another word, reverse the sequence, alter the line-endings, a hundred two hundred rewritings, revisions—This is prosody: how to write a poem”—wrote George Oppen.

And Jack Spicer spoke of poetry as “transmission,” as “dictation,” from the outside, from an “invisible world”—the poet was a crystal set or radio receiving transmissions from outer space, or Mars. Specifically, West Mars.

A poet may begin with the idea of a poem, or a feeling; a poet may begin with poetic material, as for example the stuff of a notebook. From whatever beginning, a poet makes poems—the poem is the end or goal of writing poetry. (Or one end: poets may work in terms of larger structures as well, such as the series, sequence, or cycle—and these may span across many years and many books. And the book is another end of poetry, a constellation of poems in a meaningful relationship.)

What happens from the moment the poet thinks he or she is writing a poem and that moment when they feel the poem is “done”? What is the process of poetry? What is a poem in the context of a series, a book, a corpus, and a life? Why is it that Oppen doesn’t have an idea of what he wants to do when he writes a poem? (A poem is not made with ideas, it’s made with words.)

Monday, March 10, 2008

Sunday, March 9, 2008

don ezra

Canto CXX

He tratado de escribir Paraíso

No te muevas
        Deja que el viento hable
            eso es paraíso.

Deja que los dioses perdonen lo que yo
          he hecho
Deja que aquellos que amo traten de perdonar
          lo que yo he hecho.

—tr. Laura Solórzano

...por pura curiosidad...

¿ quièn es gemelo malvado?

Fotos de Pound por Avedon

Saturday, March 8, 2008

“technique as the test of a man’s sincerity”

Ezra Pound wrote that “I believe in technique as a test of a man’s sincerity.” This is a declaration of faith in art, in the making of the thing as the place of significance, the place where meaning happens.

Williams proclaimed “no ideas but in things.” This is a different kind of declaration, one that suggests a skepticism about art as art.

Pound and Williams came from a common place, Imagism, which praised precision and clear images over abstractions and decoration. From there, they diverge widely.

Here’s a different kind of apology in the following, late Canto by Pound.

Canto CXX

I have tried to write Paradise

Do not move
      Let the wind speak
                that is paradise.

Let the Gods forgive what I
            have made
Let those I love try to forgive
              what I have made.

—Ezra Pound

“rinse the language of ornament and encrustation”

This is Just to Say
 
I have eaten
the plums
that were in
the icebox

and which
you were probably
saving
for breakfast

Forgive me
they were delicious
so sweet
and so cold

—William Carlos Williams


Solo decirte que

Acabo de chingarme
unas ciruelas
que estaban en
el refri

seguramente
iban a ser
tu desayuno

has de perdonar:
estaban
buenísimas.

—tr. Sergio Ortiz

Bienvenidos

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